Mission SM8: Harmonics for Open-End Air Columns

Mission SM8 includes questions that target your understanding of open-end air columns, their harmonic pattern, length-wavelength relationships, and frequency relationships. The mission consists of 40 questions organized into 9 Question Groups. You must answer one question from each Question Group to complete the mission. The learning outcomes for this mission are ...

Learning Outcomes

  • The student should be able to identify the standing wave patterns for open-end air columns and use them to state the length-wavelength relationships.
  • The student should be able to recognize the relationship between the frequencies of the various harmonics for open-end air columns.


Launch Mission SM8


Getting Help

If you are not familiar with this topic, then you should first learn about the topic using our written Tutorial or our Video Tutorial:

The Physics Classroom, Sound and Music Unit, Lesson 5, Part c

Video Tutorials:

None available at this time.



Question-Specific Help

Each Question Group has its own Help page with information specific to the question. You can access the Help page from within the mission by tapping on the Help Me! icon (textbook). For your convenience, links to those pages are provided below: