Ray Optics: Reflection and Mirrors
Reflection and Mirrors: Audio Guided Solution
A dentist uses a spherical mirror to produce an upright image of a patient's tooth which is magnified by a factor of 4.5 when placed 1.8 cm from the tooth. (a) What type of mirror - concave or convex - is being used? (b) What is the focal length of the mirror?
Audio Guided Solution
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a. Concave mirror. Convex mirrors do not magnify the image; they only reduce the image.
b. 2.3 cm
b. 2.3 cm
Habits of an Effective Problem Solver
- Read the problem carefully and develop a mental picture of the physical situation. If necessary, sketch a simple diagram of the physical situation to help you visualize it.
- Identify the known and unknown quantities in an organized manner. Equate given values to the symbols used to represent the corresponding quantity - e.g., do = 24.2 cm; di= 16.8 cm; f = ???.
- Use physics formulas and conceptual reasoning to plot a strategy for solving for the unknown quantity.
- Identify the appropriate formula(s) to use.
- Perform substitutions and algebraic manipulations in order to solve for the unknown quantity.
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